Practitioners and researchers have debated about the extent to which applicant faking impacts the validity and usefulness of non-cognitive measures as well as how response distortion may impact subsequent job performance. One reason for the disagreement may be due to the fact that most previous research has not accounted for individual differences in applicants' faking. Individual differences include both the amount of response distortion applicants engage in, and magnitude of faking, and the extent to which individuals differ in their faking behavior, or variability in faking. The current study used a bogus knowledge scale, which asks individuals to indicate their knowledge of or familiarity with fictitious concepts or items (Anderson, Warner, & Spencer, 1984; Pannone, 1984), to assess differences in faking behavior across individuals. First, the extent to which individual differences in faking impacts the criterion-related validity of non-cognitive measures in predicting task performance in an assessment center (AC) was investigated. Next, applicant AC scores were examined to determine whether there were performance differences among individuals who distort their responses relative to those who respond honestly. As part of the application process for a government-wide internship program, 970 individuals completed a biodata inventory, bogus knowledge scale, and participated in an AC. Results indicated that individual differences in applicant response distortion did not impact the extent of faking on the prediction of task performance in the AC. Further, no differences in performance were observed between applicants who engaged in high faking magnitudes relative to those who respond honestly. The implications of this study are discussed as well as directions for future research.
|Advisor:||Costanza, David P.|
|Commitee:||Dunleavy, Dana, MacLane, Charles, Offermann, Lynn, Olsen, Nils|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|Department:||Organizational Sciences and Communication (I/O Psyc)|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||DAI-B 73/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Behavioral psychology, Organizational behavior|
|Keywords:||Applicant faking, Bogus knowledge scale, Individual differences, Response distortion, Variance impact|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be