The dissertation applies methods of interactional linguistics to study conversation-for-learning as an institutional speech event comprising the frames of language pedagogy and mundane conversation. Audio-recorded multi-party interactions of 26 sessions (23 h) of weekly Estonian coffee-hour at a North American university were analyzed. The participants were foreign language students and their native-speaker instructor (the author), community learners and other native speakers. Close analysis focused on sequences displaying intersections of frames where participant roles (e.g., expert vs. novice) are dynamically shifted. These sequences fall under the notion of repair, where participants address trouble (1) in talk by others (other-correction, other-initiation of repair, candidate understandings); (2) in own talk, in cooperation with the interlocutor (word searches, 3rd position repairs). The results show that both first and second language speakers initiated frame changes and chose to align or disalign with their interlocutors' frame orientations. Frame changes were systematically motivated by interpersonal or institutional needs (e.g., switch to pedagogy to close a delicate topic). Specific linguistic practices were identified, which enable participants to attend to more than one frame simultaneously, such as the conflation of other-initiation and other-repair in linguistic corrections with try-marked prosody, a word search routine to initiate topics and take turns, repair of morphology in collaborative story-telling, “doing morphology” by marking suffixes prosodically. The practices demonstrate interactional uses of target (and learner-) language structures and make visible locally relevant teaching and learning goals. The study contributes to the research of interaction in hybrid speech events and language learning contexts.
|Advisor:||Obeng, Samuel Gyasi|
|Commitee:||Davis, Stuart, Ewert, Doreen, Trix, Frances|
|School Location:||United States -- Indiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 73/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Conversation-for-learning, Estonian, Interactional linguistics|
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