Subsidized housing has been criticized for concentrating poor households and contributing to neighborhood decline by acting as a barrier to redevelopment of central cities (Goering & Feins, 2008; Schill & Wachter, 1995). The research has identified significant negative neighborhood effects from living in neighborhoods with concentrated poverty (Ellen and Turner, 1997; Sampson, Morenoff and Gannon-Rowley, 2002) and there is some evidence that the greater number of subsidized units in a neighborhood the greater the negative effect (Santiago et al 2001, Lee 2008, Lyons and Loveridge 1993, Rosenthal 2008, and Galster et al 1999). Housing and poverty deconcentration policies implemented in the 1990's such as HOPE VI and voucher mobility programs may have resulted in changes in the location of subsidized housing contributing to positive changes in the lowest income neighborhoods (Dawkins, 2007; Ellen & O'Regan, 2008). This study uses data from “A Picture of Subsidized Housing 2000” (HUD, 2008) to investigate the relationship between the concentration, mix of subsidized housing types, and poverty at the census tract level in metropolitan areas. Results indicate that the distribution of subsidized housing occurs at multiple scales, subsidy types and levels of poverty. At the metropolitan level subsidized housing segregation is higher than race, ethnicity and poverty. At the census tract level the highest concentration is due to multiple types of subsidized housing co-located in the same census tract. On the other hand subsidized housing reaches low poverty census tracts at rates higher than expected. The cluster analysis supports a nuanced view of subsidized housing that lends itself to development of specific strategies to address over-concentration. More definitive research is needed on thresholds above which additional units of subsidized housing could be detrimental and below which subsidized housing should be encouraged through incentives.
|Advisor:||Peuquet, Steven W.|
|Commitee:||Holupka, C. Scott, Justice, Jonathan B., Yanich, Danilo|
|School:||University of Delaware|
|Department:||School of Urban Affairs and Public Policy|
|School Location:||United States -- Delaware|
|Source:||DAI-A 73/06, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Geography, Public policy|
|Keywords:||Housing, Poverty, Public housing, Public policy, Segregation, Subsidized housing|
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