This cross-sectional study investigated bone mineral density (BMD), balance, and strength in postmenopausal women participating in regular Hatha Yoga practice. Thirteen healthy postmenopausal women (age 64.0 ± 5.0 years) practicing Hatha Yoga two or more hours per week for a minimum of three years were compared with thirteen age-matched, sedentary postmenopausal women. The main outcome measurements were body composition, leg strength, balance capabilities, and BMD of the lumbar spine, left and right hip, whole body, and nondominant forearm. Significant differences between groups were found in body mass (BM) percent, android fat percent, and lean mass percent. After controlling for body mass, no significant differences were found in BMD at any site. No significant differences were observed for balance or strength measurements between groups. Based upon the results of this study, it does not appear that yoga has any significant effects on BMD. A longitudinal study regarding this subject that includes a controlled form of yoga activity is needed to determine the true effects of yoga on BMD, balance, and strength in postmenopausal women.
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 50/04M, Masters Abstracts International|
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