The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a four-week in-service music program on 26 early childhood educators’ attitude, knowledge, and self-efficacy for promoting Developmentally Appropriate Musical Practice (DAMP) to young children. Presently, educators lack the knowledge for providing DAMP in the learning environment. A quasi-experimental one group, pre-test/post-test design was used to investigate how the program influenced the dependent variables in this study. This inquiry employed a purposeful convenient sampling procedure. The data collection instruments used were: an Elementary Music Education Survey, an Attitude Scale, a Music Questionnaire, a Teacher’s Sense of Efficacy Scale, and a Self-Report Checklist.
The following analyses were conducted: t test for dependent samples that found a significant difference between the mean pre-test and post-test scores for the Attitude Scale, t(25) = -6.014, p =.000, and Music Questionnaire, t(25) = -9.365, p = .000. No significance was found between the mean test scores for the Teacher’s Sense of Efficacy Scale. A Pearson r Coefficient between the pre-test and post-test scores were conducted for the Attitude Scale, r(25) = .694, p = .000, Music Questionnaire, r(25) = .482, p = .013, and Teacher’s Sense of Efficacy Scale, r(25) = .708, p = .000. A Pearson Correlation Coefficient between the post-test scores for the Music Questionnaire and Attitude Scale was, r(24) = .590, p = .002. No correlation was found between the posttest scores for the Music Questionnaire and Teacher’s Sense of Efficacy Scale. A Pearson Correlation Coefficient between the post-test scores for the Attitude Scale and Teacher’s Sense of Efficacy Scale was, r(24) = .390, p = .049. A Pearson r Correlation Coefficient found no relationship between the subjects’ post-test scores for the Self-Report Checklist and the three post-dependent variables. A one-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance found a significant difference between one of the demographic independent variables (musical training) and the dependent variable for knowledge, Lambda(4,28) = .686, p = .037. The results indicated that this in-service music program had an effect on the educators’ attitude and knowledge for providing DAMP in the lives of young children.
|Advisor:||Sandals, Lauran H.|
|School:||Barry University - Adrian Dominican School of Education|
|School Location:||United States -- Florida|
|Source:||DAI-A 73/06, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Early childhood education, Music education, Teacher education|
|Keywords:||Early childhood, Hands-on, Inservice, Music curriculum, Quasi-experimental study|
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