Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Some Differences Between an Ideal in the Stone-Čech Compactification of Commutative and Noncommutative Semigroups
by Johnson, John H., Ph.D., Howard University, 2011, 58; 3494884
Abstract (Summary)

Furstenberg, using topological dynamics, defined the notion of a central set of positive integers, and proved a powerful combinatorial theorem about central sets that has since come to be called the Central Sets Theorem. Since Furstenberg's original investigations, the Central Sets Theorem has been generalized and extended, via the algebraic structure of the Stone-Čech compactification, to apply to any semigroup.

Through this research it was discovered that there are many sets, beside central sets, that satisfy the conclusion of the Central Sets Theorem. Since many results on central sets are derived solely from the Central Sets Theorem, the focus has recently shifted to those sets, called C-sets, that satisfy the conclusion of the Central Sets Theorem.

The main motivation behind the research for this dissertation is the question: How analogous are C-sets with central sets? More precisely, what properties of central sets fail to hold for C-sets. The main result of this dissertation shows that, when the underlying semigroup is noncommutative, the ideal associated with central sets and the ideal associated with C-sets has slightly different ‘behavior’.

Along the way we prove a topological dynamical characterization of C-sets; and, we give a new and simpler definition of a C -set, and prove that this new definition is equivalent to the old definition. As an immediate result, we also get a new and simpler version of the Central Sets Theorem.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Hindman, Neil
Commitee: Burstein, Alexander, Grainger, Arthur, Hindman, Neil, Ramaroson, Francois, Yakubu, Abdul-Aziz
School: Howard University
Department: Mathematics
School Location: United States -- District of Columbia
Source: DAI-B 73/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Applied Mathematics, Mathematics
Keywords: Central sets, Central sets theorem, Combinatorics, Commutative semigroups, Ramsey theory, Topological algebra, Topological dynamics
Publication Number: 3494884
ISBN: 9781267173645
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