Persistent high levels of crime is of an increasing concern to the general public because of the fear of loss of lives and property. One of the tools used by government to deal with high crime rates is the enactment of stricter policies and regulations. Between1993 and 1995, many states in the United States enacted Three-Strikes Legislation, increasing prison terms for repeat offenders with the hope of reducing crime rates and promoting public safety. However, whether these laws are effective or not is subject to debate. Relying on the fixed effects estimation and state-level panel data from the 50 states of the United States (U.S) for the period 1980–2009, this study assesses the impact of three-strikes laws on crime rates in the U.S, controlling the effects of demographic and economic variables. The results show that three strikes laws have an overall statistically insignificant positive relationship with crime rates. The deterrent and incapacitation effects of three strikes laws disappear the moment other factors are controlled.
|Commitee:||Jones, Chanika, Kim, Min Su, Namwamba, Fulbert|
|School:||Southern University and Agricultural and Mechanical College|
|Department:||Public Policy (PPOL)|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 73/03, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Law, Criminology, Public policy|
|Keywords:||Crime rates, Criminal justice policy, Repeat offenders, Three strikes law|
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