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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A Comparison of Professional Value Development in Nursing Students from Pre-licensure Programs
by Fisher, Mary Dee, D.N.P., Carlow University, 2011, 93; 3489185
Abstract (Summary)

Nurse educators have the opportunity, and the obligation, to significantly impact professional values as students undergo preparation for a profession of caring. The purpose of this study was to identify development of professionalism in pre-licensure nursing students. Degrees of professionalism, reflected by Nursing Professional Value Scale - Revised (NPVS-R) scores, were analyzed and compared. Three research questions were examined. What are the differences in NPVS-R scores between senior level students in Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN), Diploma and a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) programs? How do the differences compare between NPVS-R scores of beginning and senior level students within programs? and What socio-demographic variables relate to the overall NPVS-R scores? Benner's novice to expert model provided the study's framework. Samples of convenience included a total of 351 participants from pre-licensure programs.

ANOVA analysis (p=0.0003) and then Pairwise t-test analysis (p=0.0004) revealed statistical significance when comparing NPVS-R scores and educational preparation. Differences between professional values scores and levels within each of the programs revealed significance (p<0.0001), via t-test analysis, for the Diploma participants. Secondary sub-analysis of the NPVS-R factors, amongst levels and between educational preparations, also revealed statistical significance. Inferential statistical analysis did not identify any differences when comparing socio-demographic variables. Study results revealed students in Diploma programs consistently have the highest overall levels of professionalism. Curriculum revision, faculty reflection and enrichment, and active student engagement are warranted in order to more vigilantly enhance the role formation process.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Upvall, Michele J.
School: Carlow University
School Location: United States -- Pennsylvania
Source: DAI-B 73/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Education, Adult education, Nursing
Keywords: Ethics, Nursing education, Nursing students, Pre-licensure programs, Professional value
Publication Number: 3489185
ISBN: 978-1-267-07111-8
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