From the Korean experience of han, Christian theology needs to change the primary model of sin from the forensic one, which is led by the dominant metaphor of guilt/debt, to the medicinal model, which is initiated by the dominant metaphor of wound/damage. Especially, as a dominant type of atonement in the Korean Protestant Church, the penal substitution theory of atonement has led to an overemphasis on the event of the crucifixion while overlooking the Christ event as a whole; it has distorted the proper positioning of atonement, redemption, and salvation in soteriology; and it has interpreted the cross as a retributive rather than a restorative event. As a result, it functions and even dysfunctions in a person experiencing han. This model falls short of being an effective model of salvation for people who are deeply wounded by radical suffering. Through the lens of metaphorical usage of sin, its primary metaphor in the victim is wound/damage which needs to be healed rather than forgiven. Based on the biblical tradition and the Greek (Eastern) theological tradition, the metaphor of healing in the discourse of salvation in the Bible is not merely one of many secondary metaphors. Rather, it is only when we rightly understand the semantics of healing in soteriology that the deeper meaning of Christian salvation is clearly revealed. On behalf of the salvation of all human beings, especially of those suffering from unresolved wounds, the metaphor of healing should obtain a more prominent position than it currently holds. The meaning of salvation from the experience of han centers on the recovery of one's full humanity; salvation should include self-acceptance; the image of salvation is an ongoing process of sag-him toward one's full humanity; and this journey requires both God's grace and human beings' authentic participation.
|School:||Graduate Theological Union|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 73/03, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Religion, Pastoral Counseling, Theology|
|Keywords:||Atonement, Han, Healing, Korea, Salvation, Sin, Therapeutic|
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