Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Creativity: The adaptive aspects of insecure attachment
by Betty, Nicholas Stephen, Ph.D., Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2011, 145; 3486441
Abstract (Summary)

This research investigates the relationship between attachment style classification and dimensions of creative thinking. It offers the first attempt at establishing an empirical basis for a depth psychological perspective of the adaptive aspects of insecure attachment as a possible foundation for creativity. In addition to exploring the covariance of attachment style and creative thinking, it was hypothesized that there exists a significant positive correlation between both insecure attachment styles (avoidant and anxious) and creative thinking. Normative comparisons utilizing Pearson correlation coefficients, multiple linear regression analyses (ANOVAs), and independent-samples t tests were used to evaluate the covariance between attachment style classification and creative thinking. Ninety-nine participants ranging from 18 to 29 years old (M = 20.27) were given the Experiences in Close Relationships (ECR) and Abbreviated Torrance Test for Adults (ATTA) inventories. Results indicate that all four categories of Bartholomew's (1990) attachment taxonomy did not significantly correlate with creative thinking—secure attachment (r(97) = −.006, p > .05): fearful attachment (r(97) = −.019, p > .05); preoccupied attachment (r(97) = .005, p > .05); and dismissing attachment (r(97) = −.038, p > .05). Additionally, no relationship was found between the dimension of insecure avoidant attachment and creative thinking, r(97) = −.077, p > .05. Similarly, no relationship was found between the dimension of insecure anxious attachment and creative thinking, r(97) = .032, p > .05. Neither avoidant attachment nor attachment anxiety were effective at predicting creativity thinking scores—the regression equation was not significant (F(2,96) = .369, p > .05) with an R2 of .008. Results further indicate that all 15 of the criterion-referenced measures of the ATTA were shown not to be statistically significant with the ECR. Thus, attachment style cannot be used effectively to predict creative thought. A few statistically significant results involving ethnicity, attachment style, and 2 of the 4 norm-referenced criteria on the ATTA for creative thought, emerged and are briefly discussed. A précis of the essential findings reveals that there appears to be no meaningful relationship between attachment style and creative thinking. Attachment style classification does not appear to be an effective predictor variable for creative thinking. The implications, limitations and challenges, and future directions of the results are discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Bishop, Allen
School: Pacifica Graduate Institute
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 73/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Developmental psychology, Clinical psychology
Keywords: Attachment style, Creative thinking, Originality
Publication Number: 3486441
ISBN: 978-1-267-04403-7
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