Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Governing the Divide: Institutions and Immigration Control in the United States, Canada and Australia
by Walsh, James Philipp, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Barbara, 2011, 648; 3482034
Abstract (Summary)

What factors account for the development of immigration policy, and why do otherwise similar country's display divergent policy approaches and outcomes? Additionally, how does immigration policy intersect with the exigencies of state-making and national development? This dissertation answers these questions through historical-comparative analysis of policymaking in the United States, Canada and Australia. Drawing on archival and comparative research I trace the trajectory of policy development in each setting and offer an explanation for critical cross-case differences. My findings indicate that institutional context, whether the internal organization of the state or the configuration of state-society boundaries, has influenced the dynamics of political interaction in unique ways. While the centralized and closed nature of decision-making in Canada and Australia has privileged statist and technocratic approaches in which migration has been coordinated in line with developmental initiatives, the fragmented and open nature of the American state has favored policies based on significant compromise and symbolic forms of political and legal action. This research also refines existing understandings of the relationship between globalization, international migration and the nation-state. Rather than porous borders and unbridled transnationalism, controls over borders and mobility have been strengthened considerably. However, rather than preserving the classical form of the nation-state, contemporary policies indicate that all three governments- whether intentionally or inadvertently- have played an active role in promoting the globalization of their economies and societies.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Robinson, William I.
Commitee: Alves, Fernando-Lopez, Waldinger, Roger, Winant, Howard
School: University of California, Santa Barbara
Department: Sociology
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-A 73/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: International Relations, Sociology, Public policy
Keywords: Globalization, Immigration control, Immigration policy, Institutions
Publication Number: 3482034
ISBN: 978-1-267-02057-4
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