Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

New Low-Mass Members of Nearby Young Moving Groups
by Schlieder, Joshua Edward, Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook, 2011, 164; 3481920
Abstract (Summary)

Young, co-evolving stars, free of the obscuring effects of their formation region, exist near the Sun in loose associations with each constituent having a common motion through the Galaxy. These associations are collectively known as the nearby young moving groups (NYMGs). Most known members of the NYMGs are spectral type F, G, and K (1.5 - 0.7 MSun), with few of spectral type M (<0.7 MSun). Since low-mass M stars are the dominant stellar component of the universe (comprising ∼75% of all stars), the census of known members in the NYMGs is probably incomplete. The under-sampling of low-mass members is a consequence of their low-luminosity, wide sky distribution, and a lack of reliable youth indicators in the low-mass regime. NYMG members are important because they provide: 1) Well characterized samples of nearby young stars for study of their physical and kinematic properties and 2) Prime targets for direct exoplanet imaging.

I have used a general technique to identify low-mass candidates of the NYMGs using proper motion and photometry. Candidates are then screened for secondary evidence of group membership, such as indicators of youth and consistent radial velocity, to identify likely new group members. Here I present results from a survey of candidates of the β Pictoris (∼10 Myr) and AB Doradus (∼70 Myr) NYMGs. The selection technique and follow up observations have identified more than 50 low-mass likely members of these groups with spectral types later than K2. Among the likely new members are many visual binaries and objects that are potentially benchmark young brown dwarfs. The expanded member sample has also allowed for preliminary studies of the astrophysics of young late-type stars, including spectroscopic gravity indicators, and provided new targets for the direct imaging of exoplanets.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Simon, Michal, Lepine, Sebastien
Commitee: Calder, Alan, Davis, Daniel, Metchev, Stanimir, Stephens, Peter
School: State University of New York at Stony Brook
Department: Physics
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: DAI-B 73/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Astrophysics, Astronomy
Keywords: Co-evolving stars, Low-mass stars, Moving groups, Pre main-sequence, Young stars
Publication Number: 3481920
ISBN: 9781267019202
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