The purpose of this study was to identify New Eve—an idealized female literary archetype utilized by Nathaniel Hawthorne. New Eve, modeled upon Hawthorne's wife, is a messianic redeemer sent to offer spiritual salvation to selected men. New Eve's divine perfection exceeds even that of the True Women/Angels in the House females regularly found in nineteenth-century novels. The examination of Hawthorne's literary expression of New Eve prompted a question: How does Hawthorne utilize his New Eve archetype to transcend the antebellum ideal of True Womanhood/Angel in the House and to disseminate his personal revelations about divine womanhood? In response, this thesis provides an overview of Hawthorne's Christian spirituality, biblical knowledge, and early development of New Eve by extracting information from Hawthorne's letters, journals, and a number of short-stories. The information serves as the basis for a comprehensive analysis of Pearl from The Scarlet Letter (1850), Phoebe from The House of the Seven Gables (1851), Priscilla from The Blithedale Romance (1852), and Hilda from The Marble Faun (1860). The results of this literary review provide evidence that Hawthorne's fiction consistently suggests that the primary means by which a man enters into personal spiritual growth is by accepting the succor of a New Eve.
Keywords: Nathaniel Hawthorne, New Eve, maidens, Angel in the House, The Scarlet Letter, The House of the Seven Gables, The Blithedale Romance, The Marble Faun.
|Advisor:||Wolfe, Andrea Powell|
|Commitee:||Stockton, Elizabeth, Stuckey, Priscilla|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||MAI 50/03M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Womens studies, American literature|
|Keywords:||Blithedale Romance, Hawthorne, Nathaniel, House of the Seven Gables, Marble Faun, New Eve, Scarlet Letter|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be