Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Biculturalism and personality as predictors of subjective well-being in Chinese Americans
by La, Amy, Ph.D., Washington State University, 2011, 121; 3479185
Abstract (Summary)

This study examined how personality and bicultural identity integration influence Chinese Americans' emotional well-being and life satisfaction. Participants were 310 Chinese American adults who completed the Cross-Cultural (Chinese) Personality Assessment Inventory-2 (CPAI-2; Cheung, Leung, Song, & Zhang, 2001a), the Bicultural Identity Integration Scale-Version 1 (BIIS-1; Benet-Martinez, 2003a), the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS; Diener et al., 1985), and the Positive Affect (10 items) and Negative Affect (10 items) scales of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule -Expanded Form (PANAS-X; Watson & Clark, 1994).

Hypothesis 1 was partially supported and indicated that both perceived cultural distance (i.e., perceiving one's two cultural identities as separate and dissociated) and perceived cultural conflict (i.e., feeling torn between one's two cultural), as measured by the BII-Distance and BII-Conflict scales, respectively, were negatively correlated with subjective well-being (SWB), a composite of life satisfaction and positive and negative affect. However, contrary to expectations, cultural conflict, as compared to cultural distance, did not have a stronger relationship with SWB. In Hypothesis 2, only cultural distance added unique prediction of life satisfaction beyond the personality traits, and neither cultural conflict nor distance contributed unique prediction of positive or negative affect beyond the personality traits. Hypothesis 3 was not supported because BII-Conflict did not mediate the relationship between CPAI-2 Dependability and SWB in factor or scale-level analyses. Hypotheses 4 and 5 were supported because the extraversion-related scales of CPAI-2 Social Potency and the agreeableness-related scales of CPAI-2 Accommodation had both direct effects on SWB and indirect effects on SWB via BII-Distance. Additionally, Hypothesis 6 was supported because the openness-related scales of Social Potency had only indirect effects on SWB via BII-Distance as a mediator. Finally, neither Hypotheses 7 nor 8 was supported, because there were no generational differences in bicultural identity integration or endorsement of Chinese traits associated with the Interpersonal Relatedness dimension. Interpretation of the findings, applied and theoretical implications, and future directions for research are discussed. Overall, the study demonstrated the importance of integrating personality traits and aspects of bicultural identity integration in understanding the subjective well-being of Chinese Americans.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Church, A. Timothy
Commitee: Bauman, Stephanie, McCubbin, Laurie
School: Washington State University
Department: Counseling Psychology
School Location: United States -- Washington
Source: DAI-B 73/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Asian American Studies, Counseling Psychology, Personality psychology
Keywords: Biculturalism, Chinese Americans, Personality, Well-being
Publication Number: 3479185
ISBN: 978-1-124-97464-4
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