This study examined how personality and bicultural identity integration influence Chinese Americans' emotional well-being and life satisfaction. Participants were 310 Chinese American adults who completed the Cross-Cultural (Chinese) Personality Assessment Inventory-2 (CPAI-2; Cheung, Leung, Song, & Zhang, 2001a), the Bicultural Identity Integration Scale-Version 1 (BIIS-1; Benet-Martinez, 2003a), the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS; Diener et al., 1985), and the Positive Affect (10 items) and Negative Affect (10 items) scales of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule -Expanded Form (PANAS-X; Watson & Clark, 1994).
Hypothesis 1 was partially supported and indicated that both perceived cultural distance (i.e., perceiving one's two cultural identities as separate and dissociated) and perceived cultural conflict (i.e., feeling torn between one's two cultural), as measured by the BII-Distance and BII-Conflict scales, respectively, were negatively correlated with subjective well-being (SWB), a composite of life satisfaction and positive and negative affect. However, contrary to expectations, cultural conflict, as compared to cultural distance, did not have a stronger relationship with SWB. In Hypothesis 2, only cultural distance added unique prediction of life satisfaction beyond the personality traits, and neither cultural conflict nor distance contributed unique prediction of positive or negative affect beyond the personality traits. Hypothesis 3 was not supported because BII-Conflict did not mediate the relationship between CPAI-2 Dependability and SWB in factor or scale-level analyses. Hypotheses 4 and 5 were supported because the extraversion-related scales of CPAI-2 Social Potency and the agreeableness-related scales of CPAI-2 Accommodation had both direct effects on SWB and indirect effects on SWB via BII-Distance. Additionally, Hypothesis 6 was supported because the openness-related scales of Social Potency had only indirect effects on SWB via BII-Distance as a mediator. Finally, neither Hypotheses 7 nor 8 was supported, because there were no generational differences in bicultural identity integration or endorsement of Chinese traits associated with the Interpersonal Relatedness dimension. Interpretation of the findings, applied and theoretical implications, and future directions for research are discussed. Overall, the study demonstrated the importance of integrating personality traits and aspects of bicultural identity integration in understanding the subjective well-being of Chinese Americans.
|Advisor:||Church, A. Timothy|
|Commitee:||Bauman, Stephanie, McCubbin, Laurie|
|School:||Washington State University|
|School Location:||United States -- Washington|
|Source:||DAI-B 73/02, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Asian American Studies, Counseling Psychology, Personality psychology|
|Keywords:||Biculturalism, Chinese Americans, Personality, Well-being|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be