Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The generation of an experimental database for testing predictive models for α-Pinene gas- and particle-phase reactions in the atmosphere
by Bapat, Jyoti, M.S., The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2011, 82; 1500701
Abstract (Summary)

Atmospheric chemistry of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has become an increasingly important aspect of environmental policy. Atmospheric oxidation of VOCs produces ozone (O3) and particulate matter (PM), both of which have been shown to have effects on climate and human health. α-Pinene, a biogenically emitted VOC, is a source of O 3, and in an urban environment is an important source of urban secondary organic aerosol (SOA). This work attempts to model the O3 and SOA production of α-pinene photooxidation in the presence of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and an urban hydrocarbon (HC) mixture. The model was compared against recent experimental data. Under most conditions, the model predicts SOA production well, and fits gas-phase data better than other common mechanisms. Results indicate that further experimentation is required to model α-pinene chemistry at α-pinene/NOx ratios lower than 1, especially since these are concentrations that are atmospherically relevant.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Kamens, Richard M.
Commitee: Surratt, Jason D., Vizuete, William G.
School: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Department: Environmental Sciences & Engineering
School Location: United States -- North Carolina
Source: MAI 50/02M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Atmospheric Chemistry, Environmental science, Environmental engineering
Keywords: Pinene, Secondary organic aerosols
Publication Number: 1500701
ISBN: 978-1-124-94189-9
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