Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Behavior patterns in Florida's Middle Archaic: Activity induced articular facets from the Gauthier (8BR-193) mortuary complex
by Nelson, Kassandra, M.A., Florida Atlantic University, 2011, 87; 1504158
Abstract (Summary)

This study examines activity induced articular facets and osteoarthritis in the ankle and foot complex of an Archaic hunter-gatherer population from the Gauthier (8BR-193) mortuary complex. To determine the frequency at which these characteristics occur, I scored the tibiae, tali, proximal phalanges, and metatarsals of adults and juveniles using methods developed by Buikstra and Ubelaker (1994) for scoring osteoarthritis and a synthesis of methods developed by Barnett (1954), and Boulle (2001a; 2001b), Buikstra and Ubelaker (1994), Molleson (1989), Ubelaker (1979), for scoring articular facets. Despite significant skeletal fragmentation observed, articular facets were remarkably complete, allowing for analysis of joint degeneration. While there does not appear to be a correlation between characteristics, the high prevalence of activity induced articular facets and osteoarthritis is indicative of extreme hyperdorsiflexion. Habitual kneeling and squatting postures are characteristic of hunter-gatherer subsistence activities as suggested by researchers such as Ubelaker (1975), Molleson (1989), and Trinkaus (1975).

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Broadfield, Douglas
School: Florida Atlantic University
School Location: United States -- Florida
Source: MAI 50/02M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Archaeology, Physical anthropology
Publication Number: 1504158
ISBN: 978-1-124-94747-1
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