The Sarbanes-Oxley Act made audit committees directly responsible for the appointment, compensation, and supervision of companies’ auditors. Limited research in the auditor selection process and PCAOB inspections suggest that managers, not audit committees, may still be selecting the auditors, and that inspection reports are not useful. This study addresses both of these areas. This paper considers two theories of governance, Agency Theory and Institution Theory, to analyze the audit committee members’ auditor selection process. The study examines whether Audit Committee Members use two specific types of audit quality indicators, other than managers’ recommendation, in evaluating auditors. In a setting where the manager recommends the auditor, the auditors’ inspection results (favorable/unfavorable) and a prior manager-auditor affiliation (absent/present) are manipulated in a between-subject research design, using financially literate professionals as a proxy for audit committee members. The study finds that audit quality perception and auditor selection are jointly determined. Inspection results are positively associated with audit quality perception and auditor selection. The nature of a manager-auditor affiliation is directly associated with audit quality perception and inversely related to auditor selection. Further, controlling for perception, audit committee members are more likely to recommend auditors with unfavorable inspection results, if a prior affiliation with management is present than if an affiliation is absent. Overall, the results indicate that audit committee members are diligent in evaluating auditors, and PCAOB inspection results are useful. The results of this study contribute to the audit committee effectiveness and PCAOB literature.
|Advisor:||Higgs, Julia L., Young, George R.|
|School:||Florida Atlantic University|
|School Location:||United States -- Florida|
|Source:||DAI-A 73/01, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Auditing, Public Company Accounting Oversight Boa, Regulatory reforms, Sarbanes-Oxley Act|
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