Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Characterizations of partially reduced polyoxometalate catalysts using ammonia adsorption microcalorimetry and methanol oxidation studies
by Bommineni, Suresh Babu, M.S., Michigan Technological University, 2011, 71; 1500146
Abstract (Summary)

Phosphomolybdic acid (H3PMo12O40) along with niobium,pyridine and niobium exchanged phosphomolybdic acid catalysts were prepared. Ammonia adsorption microcalorimetry and methanol oxidation studies were carried out to investigate the acid sites strength acid/base/redox properties of each catalyst. The addition of niobium, pyridine or both increased the ammonia heat of adsorption and the total uptake. The catalyst with both niobium and pyridine demonstrated the largest number of strong sites. For the parent H3PMo12O40 catalyst, methanol oxidation favors the redox product. Incorporation of niobium results in similar selectivity to redox products but also results in no catalyst deactivation. Incorporation of pyridine instead changes to the selectivity to favor the acidic product. Finally, the inclusion of both niobium and pyridine results in strong selectivity to the acidic product while also showing no catalyst deactivation. Thus the presence of pyridine appears to enhance the acid property of the catalyst while niobium appears to stabilize the active site.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Holles, Joseph H.
Commitee: Rogers, Tony N., Stacchiola, Dario J.
School: Michigan Technological University
Department: Chemical Engineering
School Location: United States -- Michigan
Source: MAI 50/02M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Chemical engineering
Publication Number: 1500146
ISBN: 978-1-124-91320-9
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