Some studies in mental health outcomes research have found that when clients and therapists are ethnically matched, this tends to be related to greater satisfaction and better outcomes (Gamst, Dana, Der-Karabetian, & Kramer, 2001; Sue, Fujino, Hu, Takeuchi, & Zane, 1991). However, not all studies have found this effect (e.g., Watkins & Terrell, 1988). Even when ethnic match is associated with favorable outcomes, it is unclear what the underlying mechanism is for the effect. The goal in this experimental study on ethnic match was to provide a better understanding of exactly how ethnic match functions by including a number of relevant social psychological variables. Using a sample of 217 Asian American young adults, this study examined the ethnic match effect on three critical counseling process variables: the working alliance, therapist credibility, and self-disclosure. Structural equation modeling analyses indicated that ethnic match had a direct negative effect on self-disclosure. In the meditational analyses, ethnic match directly impacted attitudinal/experiential similarity, which led to greater positive affect, which then positively influenced all three counseling process variables. Lastly, a three-way ethnic match by ethnic identity strength by ethnic identity centrality interaction was found for attitudinal/experiential similarity. Counseling implications of these results are discussed.
|Advisor:||Zane, Nolan W.S.|
|Commitee:||Pickett, Cynthia L., Takeuchi, David T.|
|School:||University of California, Davis|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 73/01, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social psychology, Counseling Psychology|
|Keywords:||Asian Americans, Counseling processes, Disparities, Ethnic match, Mental health|
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