Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Preconditioning Techniques for the Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations
by Wang, Zhen, Ph.D., Emory University, 2011, 143; 3476905
Abstract (Summary)

We study different preconditioning techniques for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in two and three space dimensions. Both steady and unsteady problems are considered.

First we analyze different variants of the augmented Lagrangian-based block triangular preconditioner. The preconditioners are used to accelerate the convergence of the Generalized Minimal Residual (GMRES) method applied to both stable and stabilized finite element and MAC discretizations of the Oseen problem. We study the eigenvalues of the preconditioned matrices obtained from Picard linearization, and we devise a simple and effective method for the choice of the augmentation parameter based on Fourier analysis. Numerical experiments on a wide range of model problems demonstrate the robustness of these preconditioners, yielding fast convergence independent of mesh size and only mildly dependent on viscosity on both uniform and stretched grids. Good results are also obtained on linear systems arising from Newton linearization. We also show that performing inexact preconditioner solves with an algebraic multigrid algorithm results in excellent scalability. Comparisons of the modified augmented Lagrangian preconditioners with other state-of-the-art techniques show the competitiveness of our approach. Implementation on parallel architectures is also considered.

Moreover, we study a Relaxed Dimensional Factorization (RDF) preconditioner for saddle point problems. Properties of the preconditioned matrix are analyzed and compared with those of the closely related Dimensional Splitting preconditioner. Numerical results for a variety of finite element discretizations of both steady and unsteady incompressible flow problems indicate very good behavior of the RDF preconditioner with respect to both mesh size and viscosity.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Benzi, Michele
School: Emory University
School Location: United States -- Georgia
Source: DAI-B 72/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Applied Mathematics, Mathematics
Keywords: Knylov subspace, Navier-Stokes equations, Parallel computing, Preconditioning, Saddele point problems
Publication Number: 3476905
ISBN: 9781124926056
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