The rise of insurgencies that the United States faces parallels a worldwide phenomenon. This rise, occurring since World War II, has been attributed to many factors; however, there have been few studies that have tried to understand this rise. This study is the outcome of the examination of two important and interrelated questions that have come to dominate much of the discourse, (1) why are there more insurgencies today and (2) will this pattern of more insurgencies continue into the future? While much has been published on the unipolar moment and asymmetric conflicts/ insurgencies, there is very little overlap. Despite the fact that the unipolar system has been considered a candidate as the leading contributor to the rash of insurgencies, there is a gap in research examining this link.
This study bridges that gap, first by examining the theory behind asymmetric conflicts and insurgency by reviewing the argument of six prominent insurgency and asymmetric conflict theorists: Kilcullen, Galula, Lind, Mack, Arreguin-Toft, and Rupert Smith. These authors write on the numerous topics including the fourth generation war, war amongst the people, and revolutionary war. This understanding of asymmetric conflicts is then crosswalked with the common understanding of system polarity and balance of power, which separates systems into three different structures: unipolar, bipolar, and multipolar. In order to apply these theories, the case study examines the Middle East, from 1948–1991, which covered fourteen different conflicts in all three polarities. The Middle East is a microcosm of the international system because of its active state system, nuclear weapons, and minimal superpower involvement.
This study reveals that, in periods of Middle East multipolarity and bipolarity, conflicts tend to be symmetric and conventional. More specifically, during periods of multipolarity and bipolarity, four out of five conflicts were symmetric. Conversely, in periods of Middle East unipolarity, four out of eight conflicts were asymmetric. These results demonstrate a clear link between asymmetric conflicts and unipolar systems.
|Advisor:||Lebovic, James H.|
|Commitee:||Williams, Paul D.|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||MAI 50/01M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Middle Eastern Studies, International law|
|Keywords:||Asymmetric conflict, Balance of power, Insurgency, Middle East, Unipolar system|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be