The importance of encouraging greater study abroad participation in American college students is receiving increased attention from public, governmental, and higher education institutions. However, with increased attention comes scrutiny of the distinct and quantifiable gender and ethnic disparities that exist among those who take advantage of this educational opportunity. With the stated goal of increasing participation, more needs to be known about what differentiates participants from non participants, in particular what factors in college affect participation. This study applied a conceptual framework that explored the inter-relationships of background, personal beliefs, intention to study abroad, institutional factors, and academic and extracurricular involvement, to investigate this issue. It drew upon Astin's (1993) Input-Environment-Output model (I-E-O), Astin's (1999) student involvement theory, and Fisbein and Ajzen's (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1970, 1980; Fisbein & Ajzen, 1975) theory of reasoned action (TRA). The goal was to provide evidence that would support governmental and college and university policies and initiatives to promote and increase minority participation and access to study abroad, as well as to reduce the gender disparity. Analysis of data from the Higher Education Research Institute's (HERI) 2002 Cooperative Institutional Research Program Freshman Survey (CIRP) and the 2006 College Senior Survey (CSS) indicated an interplay between socio-cultural and institutional factors affected the participation outcome, with differences found between male and female and White and minority logistic regression models. Findings suggested that much like issues surrounding college choice, the study abroad outcome was influenced by the intersection of background, college involvement, and institutional factors.
|School:||University of Rochester|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 71/03, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Multicultural Education, Higher education|
|Keywords:||College students, Gender differences, Minorities, Study abroad|
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