The children’s taunt “Finders Keepers, Losers Weepers” gives new credence to the information search process at the elementary school level. Children keep what they find, claim it as their own, and accept information without discernment or critique.
This study examines the effectiveness of teaching information literacy skills through three different approaches. The first curricular approach uses direct instruction to teach children how to do research using the Florida Research Process FINDS Model. The second approach pairs the FINDS Model with a unit of study that is related to classroom curriculum. The third approach examines the FINDS Model in conjunction with project learning, a constructivist model based on student interest. One hundred twenty-eight third grade students attending a public elementary school in Southwest Florida during the 2008-2009 school year participated in the study.
A mixed-methods research approach was used to gather data. Quantitative data was collected with an information literacy pre and post test, and an anonymous media lessons’ survey about student preferences. Qualitative data were gathered through a review of student work samples and student interviews. Statistically significant gains were found between the pre to post test scores for all three groups, however no statistically significant differences were found among groups. Although quantitative data did not reveal differences among the treatment groups, qualitative findings revealed that the group taught research skills through the connection to classroom curriculum approach performed better. Thus the findings of this study support existing research which proposes that the best practice for teaching research skills to young children is through a connection to classroom curriculum.
|Advisor:||Beile, Penny M., Witta, E. Lea|
|School:||University of Central Florida|
|School Location:||United States -- Florida|
|Source:||DAI-A 71/04, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Library science, Elementary education, Curriculum development|
|Keywords:||Elementary school, FINDS model, Florida Research Process, Project learning, Research process, Teaching research|
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