Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Propagule Pressure and Disturbance Drive the Spread of an Invasive Grass, Brachypodium sylvaticum
by Taylor, Laura Alayna Vician, M.S., Portland State University, 2011, 52; 1497807
Abstract (Summary)

The invasibility, or susceptibility of an ecosystem to biological invasion is influenced by changes in biotic and abiotic resistance often due to shifts in disturbance regime. The magnitude of invasive propagule pressure interacts with an ecosystem's invasibility to determine the extent of a biological invasion. I examined how propagule pressure, forest community structure and disturbance interact to influence the invasibility of temperate Pacific Northwest forests by the newly-invasive grass, Brachypodium sylvaticum. My goal was to identify which of these factors is most instrumental in enabling the shift from establishment to population growth in B. sylvaticum at the edge of its expanding range.

Both observational and experimental studies were employed to identify the many ecological components of this problem. Ecological sampling methods were used to identify trends in B. sylvaticum habitat preference and signs of habitat disturbance. In addition, an experimental study was performed to test the effects of soil and vegetation disturbance on B. sylvaticum seedling propagation. I found that while soil disturbance did not have a significant effect on seedling propagation, vegetation disturbance was implicated in B. sylvaticum spread. Higher propagule pressure and coniferous forest type were also strong predictors of increased B. sylvaticum seedling propagation and survival within established sites. My study demonstrates how propagule pressure and plant community dynamics interact to shift the invasibility of Pacific Northwest forests and facilitate the transition from establishment to spread in the invasion of B. sylvaticum.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Cruzan, Mitchell B.
Commitee: Eppley, Sarah, Sytsma, Mark
School: Portland State University
Department: Biology
School Location: United States -- Oregon
Source: MAI 50/01M, Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Ecology, Conservation, Environmental science
Keywords: Disturbance, False brome, Habitat invasibility, Invasion resistance, Population growth, Propagule pressure
Publication Number: 1497807
ISBN: 978-1-124-82887-9
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