Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A Comparison of Two Interventions to Treat Food Selectivity
by Garvey, Shannon C., M.S., Northeastern University, 2011, 40; 1497822
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of the present study is to systematically replicate and extend the procedures of Kern and Marder (1996) using simultaneous and sequential presentations of preferred and nonpreferred foods. Systematic fading procedures were evaluated to decrease the amount of preferred foods and increase the amount of nonpreferred foods presented. The participants were two 16-year-old males diagnosed with autism that had a history of food selectivity. In the simultaneous presentation, preferred foods were presented at the same time as nonpreferred foods. In the sequential presentation, acceptance of the nonpreferred food resulted in the presentation of the preferred food. Results were evaluated using an alternating treatments design to compare the two interventions (simultaneous presentation vs. sequential presentation). Increases in consumption occurred immediately in the simultaneous and sequential presentations for Participant 1 and in the sequential presentation for Participant 2. Additional treatment interventions were evaluated for Participant 2 in the simultaneous presentation because consumption did not increase.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Rue, Hanna
Commitee: Gould, Karen, Hannah, Mary Elisabeth
School: Northeastern University
Department: Applied Behavior Analysis
School Location: United States -- Massachusetts
Source: MAI 50/01M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Behavioral psychology, Educational psychology, Counseling Psychology
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, Escape extinction, Food refusal, Food selectivity, Positive reinforcement, Systematic fading
Publication Number: 1497822
ISBN: 978-1-124-82980-7
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