Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Information extraction in an optical character recognition context
by Pereda, Ramon, Ph.D., University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 2011, 81; 3464808
Abstract (Summary)

In this dissertation, we investigate the effectiveness of information extraction in the presence of Optical Character Recognition (OCR). It is well known that the OCR errors have no effects on general retrieval tasks. This is mainly due to the redundancy of information in textual documents. Our work shows that information extraction task is significantly influenced by OCR errors. Intuitively, this is due to the fact that extraction algorithms rely on a small window of text surrounding the objects to be extracted.

We show that extraction methodologies based on the Hidden Markov Models are not robust enough to deal with extraction in this noisy environment. We also show that both precise shallow parsing and fuzzy shallow parsing can be used to increase the recall at the price of a significant drop in the precision.

Most of our experimental work deals with the extraction of dates of birth and extraction of postal addresses. Both of these specific extractions are part of general methods of identification of privacy information in textual documents. Privacy information is particularly important when large collections of documents are posted on the Internet.

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Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Taghva, Kazem
Commitee: Datta, Ajoy, Gewali, Laxmi, Nartker, Tom, Singh, Ashok
School: University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Department: Computer Science
School Location: United States -- Nevada
Source: DAI-B 72/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Computer science
Keywords: Approximate regular rexpressions, Hidden markov models, Information extraction, Information retrieval, Optical character recognition
Publication Number: 3464808
ISBN: 9781124815213
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