This study examined the influence of emotionally expressive arm and hand gestures upon judgments of affective intensity drawn from verbal communications. Ten brief scenarios, each containing gender-specific versions of emotionally neutral audio communication paired with arm and hand gesture video depicting targeted emotions of anger, fear, happiness, sadness or neutral, were rated by 61 female clinical psychology trainee participants. Perceptions of intensity for all emotions were significantly increased by presentations of scenarios containing gestures that were congruent with the rated emotions. Model gender, however, for these scenarios significantly influenced perceived anger, fear and happiness intensity ratings. Scenarios containing gestures incongruent to rated emotions also resulted in several significant disparities of perceived intensity, largely coinciding with gesture velocity and movement quality attributes. Clinical implications of findings for treatment providers were considered, and hypotheses for some unexpected findings were proposed. Limitations and suggestions for future research were also discussed.
|Advisor:||Cozolino, Louis J.|
|Commitee:||Asamen, Joy K., Petrus, Steven|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 72/11, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Affective arm, Emotion intensity, Female clinical trainee, Hand gestures, Influence, Verbal communications|
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