Wholesale changes in Soviet Russian culture during the 1920s and 1930s have most commonly been characterized as symptomatic of a social transformation in society caused by a political agent, such as Stalin, or force, such as class struggle. An alternative model for understanding cultural transformation during this period and others in Russian and Soviet history is provided by Vladimir Paperny in Kul'tura dva. Paperny applies semiotic theory and a structure of binary pairings to describe the history of early Soviet culture as the alternation of two opposing systems of meaning, what he calls "Culture One" and "Culture Two."
The present work represents an effort to update Paperny's original thesis by revisiting his theoretical premises from an historical perspective, and supplementing them with findings from contemporary and recent research in the cognitive sciences. The semiotic interpretive model is called into question as an objective metadescription because it derives from the same socio-historical circumstances as the cultural phenomena to which it is applied. Instead, both culture and theory are treated in mutual interaction, and a new thesis is forwarded to account for their relationship. The transformation in early Soviet Culture that Paperny describes in semiotic terms as binary oppositions finds its cause in the chiastic reversal of dominance or "flip" between two complementary and mutually inhibitive patterns of cognition associated in individuals with left hemisphere and right hemisphere brain activity. The analysis focuses on transformative elements used in the culture to trigger a switch in cognitive patterns individually and thereby effect a general transformation in disseminated culture collectively. It contrasts the notions of byt (being, existence) and veshch' (thing), which were perceived by intellectuals as endemic of socio-cultural inertia among the general population, to ostensive representations and demonstrations of killing, which were deployed as an emotional motivating force for change.
|Commitee:||Anderson, Steve, Levitt, Marcus|
|School:||University of Southern California|
|Department:||Slavic Languages & Literatures|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 72/10, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Slavic literature, Art history, Russian history|
|Keywords:||Cultural transformation, Economic policy, Killing, New economic policy, Russia, Russian art, Russian linguistics, Russian literature, Soviet culture|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be