The existing aggression literature highlights the importance of risk factors from multiple domains, including the parent, peer, and more recently, the neighborhood domains. However, this literature generally has not extended the study of neighborhood effects on adolescent aggression to include geographic location. Of the existing research examining neighborhood effects on youth aggression, neighborhood is typically measured using aggregate data of bounded areas, although aggressive behavior may vary according to geographic locations within pre-defined boundaries. Reliance only on aggregate data may lead to errors such as the ecological fallacy (i.e., the assumption that individuals have the same average characteristics of the larger group) or the overestimation or underestimation of model parameters (Diez-Roux, 2007). Thus, using analyses that link geographic information to individual data, or spatial analyses, may be particularly valuable given these problems. The present study used both spatial and non-spatial analyses to examine whether observations of high adolescent aggression and its risk factors geographically cluster, or occur in geographic proximity to other observations, as well as whether geographic clusters of adolescent aggression overlap or coincide with clusters of risk factors. Nearest Neighbor Analyses and multi-level analyses were conducted with a community, epidemiologically-defined sample of adolescents in 8 th grade residing in Baltimore City. Results of spatial analyses revealed that aggression and its risk factors of low parental monitoring, high deviant peer affiliation, high community violence exposure, and high perceived neighborhood violence geographically clustered, and that these clusters overlapped to some extent. However, results of non-spatial analyses did not indicate clustering at the census tract level. Clinical implications of study results and future directions for using both types of analyses are discussed.
|Advisor:||Lambert, Sharon F.|
|Commitee:||Engstrom, Ryan, Gee, Christina B., Howe, George W., Stock, Michelle|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||DAI-B 72/10, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social psychology, Developmental psychology|
|Keywords:||Adolescence, Aggression, Neighborhood risk factors, Parents, Peers|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be