Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Development of an American Sign Language General Self-Efficacy Scale for Use with Deaf Individuals
by Reddy, Megan Z., Ph.D., Alliant International University, San Francisco Bay, 2011, 86; 3467179
Abstract (Summary)

The present project sought to translate a measure of general self-efficacy d/Deaf1 individuals and to test whether the translation retains the conceptual and linguistic equivalence of the original. Self-efficacy is one of the most studied variables in organizational, educational, and psychological research, yet feelings of efficacy have not been studied with d/Deaf individuals. General self-efficacy predicts behavior in a variety of domains and, as such, it was selected as having greater utility for translation than measures of specific self-efficacy. Experts who conduct research with d/Deaf individuals were interviewed to evaluate content and process concerns in translating an English measure into American Sign Language (ASL). Through such interviews, the researcher learned that an English measure of general self-efficacy—the New General Self-Efficacy Scale—could be translated into ALS while maintaining conceptual and linguistic equivalence. Using the back translation method coupled with an expert panel, the New General Self-Efficacy Scale-American Sign Language Translation (NGSE-ASL) was developed. Psychometric properties of the NGSE-ASL were evaluated by collecting data from d/Deaf individuals with English fluency at Gallaudet University. Convergent, discriminant, predictive and criterion-related validity were assessed as well as reliability. Factor analysis was conducted to determine if the NGSE-ASL remained a unidimensional measure of general self-efficacy as well as to investigate the variance accounted for by the measure's items. Results indicate that a six-item scale best captures the construct of general self-efficacy for deaf individuals. This six-item scale proved to have adequate validity, reliability, and factor-structure and will be disseminated to future researchers.

1 Individuals who consider themselves members of a D/Deaf cultural group are D/Deaf. Individuals who do not subscribe to this cultural identity are d/Deaf.

Indexing (document details)
School: Alliant International University, San Francisco Bay
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 72/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Social psychology, Clinical psychology, Quantitative psychology
Keywords: American Sign Language, Deaf, Factor analysis, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Translation
Publication Number: 3467179
ISBN: 978-1-124-78324-6
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