One of the challenges for Latin America, as well as for other peripheral regions of the developing world, is to locate its space and voice in response to the great lack of historiography from indigenous Christianity. In Ecuador, as in many other Latin American countries and elsewhere, most written histories have followed the Western rational pattern. This study submits an Ecuadorian indigenous church history, and its aim is to understand the mechanisms of an oral Quichua tradition's encounter with Christianity and consider how that encounter empowered and/or hindered its indigenous nature.
This dissertation reflects on the methodological shift in historiography—from modernity's Eurocentric pattern to a polycentric paradigm in order for a particular history of Christians in Latin America to be situated in time and space. Although Christianity in Ecuador exemplifies a conservatism inherited from Europe and North America, some Ecuadorian believers are moving away from this inheritance toward a contextual model of indigenous Christianity. The new emphasis points to the aspiration for an indigenous hermeneutic in order to go mas alla (beyond) a Western ontology.
There are positive signs that open Ecuadorian Christianity to the discovery of multiple understandings and to a future they can direct. Standing upon this new horizon of Ecuadorian church history, a backward glance is in order. This study presents a faithful account of the Quichua Christian tradition and examines the indigenous discovery of Christianity through Catholic, Protestant, and Pentecostal evangelizations. At first, the Quichua encountered the Christian God with Western help but, recently, their Andean context has been the appropriate reservoir for a "Quichua Pentecost." The renewal has been transmitted mainly in oral form, and no written account exists. Through the recounting of Quichua Christianity's narrative, the historical, missiological, and pneumatological implications can be critically explored.
|School Location:||United States -- Virginia|
|Source:||DAI-A 72/10, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Religious history, Latin American history, Latin American Studies|
|Keywords:||Christianity, Ecuador, Indigenous, Latin American church history, Missiology, Pentecostalism, Quichua|
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