The goal of religious policy as executed in communist Poland, East Germany and Yugoslavia aimed to marginalize national churches. However, by the 1960s, these regimes were forced to accommodate for the relevance of religious life. As national churches and regime officials engaged each other in a process of negotiated response to incentives, church-based free spaces emerged that allowed for less state intervention. Under this protective umbrella, these spaces became the catalyst for oppositional voices, nurturing ideas that challenged the regime's authority. In Poland and East Germany, these spaces espoused liberal-democratic principles, while an exclusionary-nationalist model emerged in Yugoslavia. This dissertation asserts that the process behind the execution of religious policy help to account for this difference.
|Commitee:||Goldfarb, Jeffrey, Htun, Mala, Pollack, Detlef|
|School:||New School University|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 72/10, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||European history, East European Studies, Political science|
|Keywords:||Communism, Comparative politics, Democratization, Free space development, Germany, Poland, Religion and politics, Religious policy, Yugoslavia|
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