The development of a high-resolution coupled one-dimensional/two-dimensional hydrodynamic model of Charles City, Iowa is presented in this study as part of a larger Iowa Flood Center initiative to create a library of steady inundation maps for communities in Iowa which have a high risk of flooding. Channel geometry from bathymetric surveys and surface topography from LiDAR were combined to create the digital elevation model (DEM) used in numerical simulations. Coupled one- and two-dimensional models were used to simulate flood events; the river channel and structures were modeled one-dimensionally, and the floodplain was modeled two-dimensionally. Spatially distributed roughness parameters were estimated using the 2001 National Land Cover Dataset. Simulations were performed at a number of mesh resolutions, and the results were used to investigate the effectiveness of re-sampling simulation results using higher- resolution DEMs. The effect of removing buildings from the computational mesh was also investigated. During 2011, the stream channel geometry is being changed as part of a recreational park in downtown Charles City. After incorporating the planned changes to the stream channel, the model was used to create a library of steady inundation maps which are available on the Iowa Flood Center website.
|Advisor:||Weber, Larry J., Young, Nathan C.|
|Commitee:||Krajewski, Witold F., Weber, Larry J., Young, Nathan C.|
|School:||The University of Iowa|
|Department:||Civil & Environmental Engineering|
|School Location:||United States -- Iowa|
|Source:||MAI 49/06M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||1D/2D coupled hydraulic model, Floods|
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