Between 1878 and 1886, diplomatic relations between the Russian Empire and the newly-formed Principality of Bulgaria went from being exceptionally good to being so poor as to be severed altogether. The purpose of this thesis is to discover first, how this dramatic change came about, and secondly, why events fell out as they did. The thesis focuses on the diplomatic and governmental relationships between the two countries, and pays particular attention to the notably personality-driven politics of the time period.
The thesis is arranged chronologically, beginning with the Liberation of Bulgaria in the Russo-Turkish War, the ensuing Treaty of San Stefano, and then the Congress of Berlin which split the Bulgarian state into three parts. It then traces the tumultuous early years of the fledgling Principality and its relations from, from its creation by the Assembly of Notables, to the Coup of 1881, and finally to the fifteen-month administration of Generals Kaulbars and Sobolev in 1883. The thesis ends by looking at the Bulgarian Unification of 1885, and then the August Coup and the Kaulbars Mission of late 1886.
The conclusion of this thesis states first of all that the disintegration of Russo-Bulgarian relations was a slow, creeping affair. It became strained almost from the very beginning, climaxing in the expulsion of Kaulbars and Sobolev, and was then finalized by the events of the Bulgarian Unification and re-confirmed by the August Coup and Kaulbars Mission. The second determination of this thesis is that the principal – thought not the exclusive – cause of the downfall of Russo-Bulgarian relations was an aggressive mindset that ran through much of Russian policy during the period. It was the attitudes of this mindset, patronizing to the Bulgarians and antagonistic to the German Prince Battenberg, that were the final cause of the break between Russia and Bulgaria.
|Advisor:||Malchow, Howard L.|
|Commitee:||Carleton, Gregory, Mulholland, Daniel|
|School Location:||United States -- Massachusetts|
|Source:||MAI 49/06M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||European history, History, Russian history|
|Keywords:||Bulgaria, Bulgarian unification, Diplomatic, Eastern rumelia, Russia, San stefano|
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