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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Relationship Between Locus of Control and Brain Research-Compatible Instructional Strategies: Helping First-Year Community College Students Successfully Transition
by Garroway, Margaret Haskell, Ph.D., College of Notre Dame of Maryland, 2011, 173; 3459856
Abstract (Summary)

Success and retention of first-year students are ongoing challenges for community colleges. The purpose of this study was to measure the relationship of locus of control (LOC), brain research-compatible (BRC) instruction in a First-Year Experience (FYE) seminar, and the connection to student success and retention. Extrapolated from neuroscience, brain research-compatible methods incorporate existing knowledge, the environment, emotions, experiential learning, and the embedding of information in memory. Studies show a relationship between internal locus of control and academic success. This researcher used a quantitative methodology to compare results of initial and end Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External Locus of Control scales administered in a First-Year Experience course. An Instructional Strategies Survey was used to measure frequency of brain research-compatible instructional strategies, and students completed a Course Practices Survey that mirrored a number of the questions on the instructor survey. This researcher examined relationships that existed among the following variables: locus of control, student success and retention, and instructional strategies. This researcher found a relationship between student perception of brain research-compatible instructional strategies used and course success; student perceptions differed from instructor perceptions. There also were differences in the variables related to age and race/ethnicity. Results can be used to inform pedagogy.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Hobbs, Robin B.
Commitee: Connor, Bridget, Erahimi, Nassim
School: College of Notre Dame of Maryland
Department: Department of Education
School Location: United States -- Maryland
Source: DAI-A 72/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Community college education, Educational leadership
Keywords: Brain research, Community college students, First-year experience, Instructional strategies, Locus of control, Student success
Publication Number: 3459856
ISBN: 978-1-124-70736-5
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