The rise in anthropogenic carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has caused the pursuit of adequate methods to alleviate the resulting strain on the world's ecosystem. A promising strategy is the geological sequestration of carbon dioxide, in which carbon dioxide emitted from large point sources is injected underground for storage. Under storage, carbon dioxide trapped as a carbonate mineral may be stable for geological time periods.
Experiments were conducted to test the potential of ferric-bearing minerals to sequester carbon as a ferrous carbonate mineral (siderite). The formation of siderite requires the reduction of ferric ions which may be achieved by the co-injection of H2S or SO2 contaminants with CO 2. Both ferrihydrite and hematite nanoparticles were exposed to an aqueous Na2S solution in the presence of supercritical CO 2 (scCO2) and were analyzed in situ by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). In situ ATR-FTIR indicated that the formation of siderite occurred on the order of minutes for ferrihydrite and hematite nanoparticles. Particles were analyzed post-reaction with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron microscopy. XRD results indicated that ferrihydrite reacted completely to form siderite and elemental sulfur after 24 h at 100 °C, while hematite only partially reacted to form siderite and pyrite after 24 h at 70 °C. Additionally, hematite nanoparticles were exposed to H2S and scCO 2 in a series of batch reactions, and the reaction products were determined by XRD as a function of CO2 and H2S partial pressures, alkalinity, salinity, time, and temperature.
|Advisor:||Strongin, Daniel R.|
|Commitee:||Schoonen, Martin A., Stanley, Robert J., Wunder, Stephanie L.|
|School Location:||United States -- Pennsylvania|
|Source:||DAI-B 72/09, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Inorganic chemistry, Geochemistry|
|Keywords:||Carbon, Hematite, Iron, Minerals, Sequestration, Sulfide|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be