The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of responsiveness to the Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music (BMGIM), as measured by the Responsiveness to Guided Imagery and Music scale (RGIM). It was hypothesized that when combined, Sense of Coherence (SOC), state trait anxiety (STAI), classical music experience (CME), gender, and/or age would account for a significant amount of variance in responsiveness to BMGIM. Sixty volunteer participants were recruited from the general population. They all attended one research session where they participated in a group Guided Imagery and Music (GIM) experience. Prior to the group GIM experience, participants completed a demographic questionnaire (including a CME measure), the Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and the SOC scale. After the group GIM experience, participants completed the RGIM scale. Once data collection was completed, the reliability and construct validity of the RGIM was examined. Exploratory factor analyses revealed that the RGIM contained five distinct factors: (a) Ability to Relax (AR), (b) Ability to Image to Music (AIM), (c) Responsiveness to Music and Guiding (RMG), (d) Comfort with Self-Disclosure (CSD), and (e) Meaningfulness of the Experience (MOE). These were the dependent (criterion) variables in this study. Before analyzing the data, the researcher ran diagnostics to check for assumptions of regression. Correlational statistical techniques were used to identify significant relationships between variables, and three sets of exploratory multiple linear regressions were used to identify which combinations of variables were the most accurate predictors of RGIM factors. Results of the first multiple regression showed that together, SOC, classical music experience, and age are predictors of "Ability to Image to Music," "Responsiveness to Music and Guiding," and "Meaningfulness of the Experience." Results of the second multiple regression showed that together, state anxiety, classical music experience, and age are predictors of "Ability to Image to Music," "Responsiveness to Music and Guiding," and "Meaningfulness of the Experience." Results of the third multiple regression showed that together, trait anxiety, classical music experience, and age are predictors of "Responsiveness to Music and Guiding." A number of other significant and non-significant results were found and are discussed. Limitations of the study as well as recommendations for future research, clinical practice, and education/training are presented.
|Advisor:||Bruscia, Kenneth E.|
|Commitee:||Bolton, Beth, Brooks, Darlene, Cromley, Jennifer|
|School Location:||United States -- Pennsylvania|
|Source:||DAI-A 72/08, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mental health, Music|
|Keywords:||Assessment, Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music, Client responsiveness, GIM, Guided imagery, Music and imagery, Music therapy, Predictors|
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