Boricuas isleños y nuyorriqueños: La construcción de identidades puertorriqueñas a través de la poesía de la calle abstract The cultural expressions of the U.S. Puerto Rican community illustrate a resistance against the imposition of the dominant Anglo American cultural values and an effort to denounce the racial inequalities embedded in U.S. society. Writers and artists have created a space for communicating discontent, seeking social transformation, and affirming cultural identity and resistance to the assimilation process.
This research explores the origin of the Nuyorican poetic movement, its development, evolution, as well as its growing popularity in Puerto Rico. I argue that Nuyorican poetry have influenced cultural production on the Island. In order to support this dissertation, I explore the work of the following contemporary poets in Puerto Rico: Luis Díaz, Stanley Rosario, Guillermo Rebollo Gil, Sietenueve, and René Pérez Joglart. I analyze how the work of these artists show inherited characteristics from the Nuyorican poetry movement of the 1970s, cultivated by writers such as Pedro Pietri, Jesús "Papoleto" Meléndez, Miguel Piñero, Tato Laviera, Sandra María Esteves and Miguel Algarín. Poems from the new generation of Nuyorican poets, such as María Teresa "Mariposa" Fernández and Willie Perdomo are also analyzed. The work of these two poets allows us to trace differences and parallelisms between the founders of the Nuyorican movement and those subsequent generations.
The cultural dialogue between the Puerto Rican diaspora and the isleños is shaped by the subaltern position that Boricuas experience both on the Island and the metropolis. This subordination is a consequence of Puerto Rico's colonial condition, the urban poverty that overwhelms the Island and the social, racial, and ethnic hierarchies that prevail in the United States and contribute to the subordination of minorities. Nuyorican poetic expressions have influenced those of the contemporary Island poets, strengthening the ties between both communities, and proving that the sense of Puerto Ricaness transcends a geographical space or a linguistic experience. This shows that race, gender, and social class are crucial elements in the construction of identity. Therefore, there is a multiplicity of Puerto Rican voices capturing the diverse experiences of a community that affirms its identity, resists assimilation, and continues to struggle for social, political, and racial justice.
|Commitee:||Nepaulsingh, Colbert, Pinho, Patricia|
|School:||State University of New York at Albany|
|Department:||Spanish-Latin American and Caribbean Studies|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 72/08, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Latin American literature|
|Keywords:||Nuyorican poetic movement, Poetry, Puerto Rico|
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