Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Using puppets: An investigation of children's self-reports of their temperament
by Hatamiya, Claire Naomi, Ph.D., New York University, 2011, 225; 3454473
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of children's self-reports of their temperament after participating in an educational theatre puppet program called INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament .

The data for this study came from three prevention trials that tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS. The 284 primary grade children in this study were interviewed following the 10-week educational theatre puppet program that is the classroom component of the program. The puppets used in this study were designed to represent the four typical temperaments identified by McClowry (2002). Each of the puppets differed on four dimensions of temperament: negative reactivity, task persistence, withdrawal, and activity. At the end of the program, the children were asked, "If you could pick one puppet--and only one puppet--who you are most like? Why do you think that you are like [name of selected puppet]?" The children's selections were interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively to provide a greater understanding of their responses. To further evaluate the validity of the children's self-reports, a quantitative analysis of their responses was compared to the responses from their parents and teacher as derived from Likert-type parallel questionnaires called the Teacher School-Age Temperament Inventory (TSATI; McClowry & Lyons-Thomas, 2009) and the School-Age Temperament Inventory (SATI; McClowry, 1995).

The children's selection of puppets was predominately related to two factors: the gender of the child and a choice between positively viewed puppets versus negatively viewed puppets. The findings showed clear preferences for puppets of their gender and the more socially desirable or positively viewed puppet. An analysis of the children's responses also led to the conclusion that some children might have misunderstood the interview questions. Recommendations for the future development of a children's self-report measure using puppets is offered. Additional suggestions for conducting research in educational theatre using puppets also is discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: McClowry, Sandee G.
Commitee: Montgomery, David, Smithner, Nancy P.
School: New York University
Department: Music and Performing Arts Professions
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: DAI-A 72/08, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Educational tests & measurements, Theater, Elementary education
Keywords: Educational theatre, Elementary school-aged children, Puppets, Self-report, Temperament
Publication Number: 3454473
ISBN: 978-1-124-64024-2
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