The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of matching supervisors and counselor trainees personality characteristics of introversion/extraversion on supervisory working alliance and basic counseling skill development. The quasi-experimental two-treatment group study was conducted at a large mid-western urban university with master-level counselor trainees and advanced degree supervisors from a CACREP accredited Counselor Education Program during one semester. Fifteen practicum counselor trainees and eight advanced degree supervisors participated in the study. The data included pre-and-post measurements of the dependent variables, supervisory working alliance and basic counseling skill development, measured by the Supervisory Working Alliance Inventory (SWAI) and Basic Skills Observation (BSO) scales respectively. Pre-testing was conducted to determine supervisors and counselor trainees’ personality characteristics of introversion/extraversion using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to create the matched/non-matched supervisory dyads. The independent variable was group assignment based on matched/non-matched personality characteristics. A Hotelling's Trace Multivariate Analysis with group membership as the fixed, independent variable and pretest scores serving as the covariates was used to examine the hypothesis. There were no significant differences found for the dependent variables between the two treatment groups. Although the research hypothesis was not found to be statistically significant, the Tests of Between-Subjects Effects by Treatment Group for the BSO pre-and-post data showed α = .04 which indicated something of significance was found. Therefore, a univariate paired samples analysis for both treatment groups utilizing the pre- data as the covariate was conducted. The BSO resulted in a statistically significant level of α = .01 for the Experimental Group (Matched Supervisor/Counselor Trainee Personality Characteristics). The BSO resulted in a statistically significant level of α = .00 for the Comparison Group (Non- Matched Supervisor/Counselor Trainee Personality Characteristics). Reliability was also determined for the BSO.
|Advisor:||Coven, Arnold B.|
|Commitee:||Collins, Ann M., Itzkowitz, Stuart, Sawilowsky, Shlomo|
|School:||Wayne State University|
|School Location:||United States -- Michigan|
|Source:||DAI-B 72/07, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Behavioral Sciences, Counseling Psychology, Personality psychology|
|Keywords:||Clinical supervision, Counseling skill development, Counselor education, Counselor training, Personality characteristics, Working alliance|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be