Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The role of dissolved organic matter in the formation of polybromomethanes by marine algae
by Lin, Chia Yu, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2011, 100; 1493033
Abstract (Summary)

To estimate the amount of reactive dissolved organic matter (DOM) that produces polybromomethanes in coastal surface seawater, DOM was brominated by algal bromoperoxidase (BrPO) in the presence of H2O 2 and bromide. Bromoform (CHBr3) was the predominant species produced year-round in different waters. Production from nearshore seawater was greater than that from offshore seawater. The elevated CHBr3 production in the spring was associated with increased biological productivity and the resulting DOM. A large CHBr3 production potential (∼35 Gmol) was found in coastal waters independent of in vivo algal production. Terrestrially-derived DOM was responsible for dibromomethane (CH2Br2) production as its highest production was associated with the highest precipitation and presumably terrestrial runoff. Higher MW DOM fractions had more reactive DOM, as supported by higher CHBr3 production rate: [DOC] ratios. My results suggest that when cell-free/cell-attached BrPO is present in seawater, DOM could be brominated by BrPO-generated HOBr to produce CHBr3 and other volatile polybromomethanes.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Manley, Steven L.
Commitee:
School: California State University, Long Beach
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 49/05M, Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Microbiology, Biogeochemistry
Keywords:
Publication Number: 1493033
ISBN: 9781124609959
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