This phenomenological research uses to self-psychology and self-object theory to present a model of effective therapy with delinquent, gang-involved, Mexican-American adolescent males. Factors related to working with this population include themes of adolescent development, initiation, mentorship, persona formation, and fatalism; different types of gang involvement; and sexual assault in juvenile detention facilities. Mexican-American teenage boys may have inadequate self-objects because of United States gender expectations, acculturation stress and the loss of protective factors of culture. Inadequate primary self-object experiences can result in narcissistic rage, violence and group conformity. Self-psychological informed therapy relies on empathy and empathic attunement. The goal of therapy is not to be emotionally corrective, but rather to allow for transmuting internalization through optimal frustrations and therapeutic disruption. This growth will result in new structures of the self, including compensatory structures. Additionally, therapists conducting cross-cultural therapy must be aware of their biases.
|Advisor:||Wallner, Lou Ann|
|School:||Pacifica Graduate Institute|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 49/05M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Criminology, Ethnic studies, Hispanic American studies|
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