Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy of adsorbed amino acids, peptides, and proteins at hydrophilic and hydrophobic solid-water interfaces
by Holinga, George Joseph, IV, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 2010, 142; 3448987
Abstract (Summary)

Sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy was used to investigate the interfacial properties of several amino acids, peptides, and proteins adsorbed at the hydrophilic polystyrene solid-liquid and the hydrophobic silica solid-liquid interfaces. The influence of experimental geometry on the sensitivity and resolution of the SFG vibrational spectroscopy technique was investigated both theoretically and experimentally. SFG was implemented to investigate the adsorption and organization of eight individual amino acids at model hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces under physiological conditions. Biointerface studies were conducted using a combination of SFG and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) comparing the interfacial structure and concentration of two amino acids and their corresponding homopeptides at two model liquid-solid interfaces as a function of their concentration in aqueous solutions. The influence of temperature, concentration, equilibration time, and electrical bias on the extent of adsorption and interfacial structure of biomolecules were explored at the liquid-solid interface via QCM and SFG. QCM was utilized to quantify the biological activity of heparin functionalized surfaces. A novel optical parametric amplifier was developed and utilized in SFG experiments to investigate the secondary structure of an adsorbed model peptide at the solid-liquid interface.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Somorjai, Gabor A.
Commitee: Cohen, Ronald C., Healy, Kevin E.
School: University of California, Berkeley
Department: Chemistry
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 72/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Physical chemistry
Keywords: Amino acids, Biomolecules, Quartz crystal microbalance, Sum frequency generation
Publication Number: 3448987
ISBN: 978-1-124-55364-1
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