This thesis discusses whether the relationship between Brazil and the United States is tending toward greater confrontation or cooperation. It analyzes the history of relations between the two countries since the early 19th century to the present day, and illustrates how the relationship has developed from one of close identification by Brazil with the United States to one of rivalry and even resentment by the 1970s. The US, once closely involved with Brazil turned its back on the country as it emerged in the latter part of the century as a global power. Despite these setbacks, Brazil and the US share a number of social, political, and economic values which can be traced back to the European Enlightenment. The strength of this underlying connection, as well as powerful if fraught trade relations, has ensured that their interactions were never fatally poisoned, and permitted the two countries to improve relations somewhat in the latter years of the 20th century.
Today, Brazil has emerged as a new force in world affairs at a time when the US is on the defensive. Will ties deteriorate again as they did in the 1970s or can both capitals place their relationship on a sounder new footing? The thesis analyzes this question in the light of rapidly shifting global affairs, and finds that Brazil and the US can avoid friction by conducting relations within the context of international organizations wherever and whenever possible. Furthermore, the thesis concludes that if successful, Washington‘s policies toward Brazil can guide its relations with other emerging powers. Similarly, Brazil can better advance its own global agenda by leveraging an improved relationship with Washington rather than through opposition to the US.
|Advisor:||Wall, Michael C.|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||MAI 49/04M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Brazil, United states|
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