Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) complicates 10-20% of pregnancies nationwide, resulting in increased risk for maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. GDM is defined as glucose intolerance first diagnosed in pregnancy. Asian Indian (AI) women have disparately high rates of GDM: 5-10% higher than white women. Minimal research has been done on the management of GDM in AI women. Meal plans and treatment guidelines developed by Sweet Success targeted at women with GDM, do not include culturally appropriate guidelines for women who may not follow traditional Western food patterns. In addition, minimal information is available regarding vegetarian based meal plans for mothers with GDM; this poses a significant barrier to adherence and management of GDM for AI women because many are vegetarians. This survey identifies the nutritional and cultural-specific needs of AI women for the management of GDM; it may be used as foundation for the development of culturally appropriate programs.
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 49/04M, Masters Abstracts International|
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