The nucleon-nucleon (NN) weak interaction is one of the more poorly understood areas of the Standard Model. A quantitative description of the NN interaction is needed to describe weak interaction phenomenon in atomic, nuclear, and hadronic systems. This Ph.D. dissertation is based on a high precision measurement of the parity-violating (PV) spin rotation for transversely polarized cold neutrons passing through a liquid 4He target, which will support a quantitative interpretation of the NN weak interaction. The PV rotation angle was measured to be dø/dz = (5.8±8.7(stat)±1.3( sys))×10-7 rad/m. This result is the most precise PV spin rotation measurement to date and the uncertainty is smaller than current estimates of the range of possible values of dø/dz in the n-4He system.
My contribution to the experiment includes (1) constructing a feedback system for active shielding of magnetic fields, (2) taking and analyzing data for both production and systematic e®ect measurements, and (3) expanding the Monte-Carlo simulation to study systematic effects from neutron scattering and magnetic fields.
|Advisor:||Opper, Allena K.|
|Commitee:||Beise, Elizabeth J., Briscoe, William, Feldman, Gerald, Griesshammer, Harald W., Haberzettl, Helmut|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||DAI-B 72/05, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Helium, Neutrons, Parity violation, Spin rotation, Weak interactions|
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