As of 2008 1.46 billion people, or 22 percent of the World’s population, were without electricity. Many of these people live in remote areas where decentralized generation is the only method of electrification. Most mini-grids are powered by diesel generators, but new hybrid power systems are becoming a reliable method to incorporate renewable energy while also reducing total system cost. This thesis quantifies the measurable Operational Costs for an experimental hybrid power system in Sierra Leone. Two software programs, Hybrid2 and HOMER, are used during the system design and subsequent analysis. Experimental data from the installed system is used to validate the two programs and to quantify the savings created by each component within the hybrid system. This thesis bridges the gap between design optimization studies that frequently lack subsequent validation and experimental hybrid system performance studies.
|Commitee:||Azarm, Shapour, Kim, Jungho|
|School:||University of Maryland, College Park|
|School Location:||United States -- Maryland|
|Source:||MAI 49/04M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Alternative Energy, Mechanical engineering, Energy|
|Keywords:||Battery bank, Diesel-only generator, Generation cost, Hybrid power, Load profile, Operation and maintenance, Sierra Leone|
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