My work focuses on Burkinabé labor migrants’ forced return to Burkina Faso from Côte d’Ivoire following the eruption of the Ivoirian civil war in September 2002. My dissertation is based on fourteen months of ethnographic research begun in 2003 and completed in 2004-2005 in urban Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. In the thesis, I examine how Burkinabé repatriates from Côte d’Ivoire use the socio-economic networks formed while abroad to cope with their experiences stemming from the conflict and their subsequent unexpected return to Burkina Faso. The war and Burkinabé's unexpected repatriation exposed a dissonance in which migrants’ intention to remain in Côte d’Ivoire as temporary migrants contradicted their socio-economic investments, which illustrated permanency and immigration, in a host country where they were increasingly subject to xenophobic violence. Upon their return to Burkina Faso, the repatriate population has been marginalized on both a national and local level. As a consequence, repatriates have created voluntary associations based upon existent networks and shared experiences with war and repatriation to meet their needs and to advocate for their rights as a new kind of Burkinabé citizen. This work contributes to continuing attempts to understand how nations and the communities within them develop and maintain distinct identities through peaceful and violent means and in response to globalizing forces, such as transnational and force migration, in French West Africa.
|Commitee:||Grosz-Ngate, Maria, Hanson, John, Stoeltje, Beverly|
|School Location:||United States -- Indiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 72/03, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||African Studies, Cultural anthropology, Sub Saharan Africa Studies|
|Keywords:||Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Displacement, Migration, Urban, Voluntary associations, War|
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