Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Psychological and behavioral correlates of freshman BMI change
by Jackl, Rebecca K., M.S., San Jose State University, 2010, 77; 1488128
Abstract (Summary)

This observational research examines body-mass-index (BMI) changes in multicultural freshmen attending a large public urban university. It explores psychological and behavioral factors associated with gains and loss in BMI. The study utilizes an online survey distributed in September 2008 and again in December 2008. All 3,509 freshmen were eligible to participate. Initial survey response rate was 29%; in December, 40% of initial respondents completed both surveys (n=355). A subset of respondents (n=65) had height, weight, and body composition measured to compare to self-reported data. Mean BMI change was a gain of 0.23 units, but those who gained BMI units (“Gainers”) gained an average of 1.00 BMI units while BMI “Losers” lost an average of 0.95 BMI units. The overall sample increased alcohol intake and decreased physical activity over the semester. Increased stress was associated with both BMI gain and loss. Those who were underweight or normal weight lost the most, while those who were overweight or obese gained the most. There was a corresponding increase in underweight and overweight/obese students.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Freedman, Marjorie R.
Commitee: Sucher, Kathryn, Waldrop, Jennifer
School: San Jose State University
Department: Nutrition
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 49/03M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Behavioral psychology, Nutrition
Keywords: College, Obesity, Overweight, Underweight, Weight gain, Weight loss
Publication Number: 1488128
ISBN: 978-1-124-43474-2
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