This study was part of a protocol developed to assess internationally adopted children and their families. To date, there is a lack of information about the relationships between the adoptee and systemic variables within the international adoption literature. In the current study, the adjustment of international adoptees at six months post-adoption and the association with family relational quality and marital satisfaction was examined and whether mothers and fathers viewed these relationships similarly. A quantitative design examined correlations among these variables employing several well-validated instruments. Measures included the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2000; CBCL) which measured child adjustment, the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (Olson, Gorall, & Tiesel, 2004; FACES-IV) that assessed familial relational quality, and the Marital Satisfaction Inventory-Revised (Snyder, 1997; MSI-R) which measured marital satisfaction. Additionally, the perceptions of mothers and fathers regarding these variables were compared using a Wilcoxen t-test.
A total of 19 mothers and 14 fathers completed the assessments. Among mothers, three were identified as single and omitted from the comparison between child adjustment and marital satisfaction. Findings indicated that child adjustment was positively and significantly correlated with family relational quality among fathers (r=.744; p=.01) but not for mothers (p=-.506). Second fathers' perceptions of marital quality were positively and significantly correlated with child adjustment (r=.739; p=.01) but not for mothers (p=.077). There were no statistically significant differences between mothers' and fathers' perceptions among these variables. However, the direction of correlations suggests a trend in which mothers' and fathers' perceive these variables differently.
|Advisor:||Pettinelli, J. Doug|
|Commitee:||Miller, Bobbi, Morrison, Nancy, Singarlevelu, Hemla, Willoughby, Lisa|
|School:||Saint Louis University|
|Department:||Counseling and Family Therapy|
|School Location:||United States -- Missouri|
|Source:||DAI-B 72/03, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social research, Counseling Psychology, Individual & family studies|
|Keywords:||Attachment theory, Child behavior checklist, Early adoption adjustment, Family systems, International adoptions|
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